Averardov gold shield-Medici dynasty

Medici dynasty ruled the city of Florence from the 14th to the 18th century. The great wealth that they brought Banking enabled them to actively participate in social and cultural life, which helped the development of Florence in every respect. The roots of the family are associated with one of the knights of the Frankish king Charlemagne. As the story goes, a knight named Averardo rode through the area north of Florence, when he ran a giant who is afraid of the people. During the fight, the giant threw Averardo iron balls that have dented the shield of the knight. Gene was eventually defeated, a coat of arms of the Medici family was reportedly inspired by this event, and wearing a red balls on a yellow background, which symbolizes Averardov gold shield. In 1397, Giovanni di Medici Whips founded the bank in Florence, which has been the foundation of power and wealth of the family in the coming centuries. Florence at that time became the center of banking, and its gold coin, florin, became the standard currency of Europe of the 14th century. In the 15th century, the Medici Bank managed Đovanijev son Cosimo, making her the most influential financial institutions in Europe, with branches in Rome, Venice, Naples, Milan, London, Genoa and other important cities of the old continent, a major client was the Vatican. Thanks to the wealth acquired, Cosimo decided to influence the Florentine politician, but he was also an important patron of Florence, which is placed at the center of the Renaissance. After his death in 1464, Bank Medici began to lose their power, which is closed most of the branches. However, the Medici dynasty continued to exist, by granting Florence and Tuscany several important Duke in the period from 1530 to 1737, Lorenzo de ‘Medici, one of the most prominent members of the dynasty, was the founder of the school of carving in which he received the young artist Michelangelo. Noticing an amazing talent, Lorenzo the Magnificent, as it was called, received Michelangelo in the Medici palace where the artist lived for four years and was treated like family. Medici Palace opened the door and artist Sandro Botticelli, and historians believe that the young Leonardo da Vinci once lived with this family. In addition, the family invested in the science, so the scientist Galileo Galilei was a private tutor to some family members. Galileo, who at the time ran out and had revenue of something to support his family, he got an offer to teach Cosimo de Medici, the minor son of Fernando I, Grand Duke of Tuscany. After that, he was a private tutor Fernando’s wife, who had first thought he was an astrologer and hired him to draw up horoscopes her husband. In 1610, scientist discovered that Jupiter has a natural satellite that is called by the Medici family Medicea Sidera, a book in which he published his findings dedicated his former student Cosimo. In the 15th century, one of the biggest opponents of the Medici family became an Italian monk of the Dominican order, Girolamo Savonarola. He publicly criticized the Medici family, accusing it of tyranny and immorality. Two years after the death of Lorenzo the Magnificent, his son and successor Pierre overthrew the French army, and Savonarola is then presented as a reformist leader and in 1497 organized the burning of all that is connected with the moral weakening such as mirrors, cosmetics, nice clothes, a pagan books , immoral works of the poet and the like. Many Renaissance works are then burned in the square in Florence, including pictures of Sandra Botticelli. However, since it criticized the Pope, Savonarola gets excommunicated and later hanged and burned in the same place where the burned books and works of art. In 1512, the Medicis again come to power. Medici dynasty spawned many influential figures in history, including the two queens, four popes and numerous Duke and the Grand Duke. Perhaps the most influential man among them was the Queen of France Catherine de ‘Medici, which gave France three kings. Catherine was orphaned shortly after birth. At 14 she married Henry, the second son of the French king Francois I and became queen in 1547, with the entry of her husband to the French throne. Henry II was tragically lost his life on knightly tournament in 1559, after which the government briefly takes their sickly son Francois. Catherine de ‘Medici 1560 again sat on the French throne as regent instead of his ten year old son Charles. She survived, and her second son, but during the reign of his fourth child, Henry III from 1574 to 1589, she was involved in political issues in France. Other French queen of the Medici dynasty was Mary, wife of King Henry IV. She was the queen of 1600, and the murder of her husband in 1610. After that he became regent instead of his son Louis XIII, which in 1617 alone takes over and relegates his mother. Death lecherous Duke and the end of the dynasty: After 300 years of rule, he came to the end of the Medici dynasty. Grand Duke of Tuscany, Gian Gastone de ‘Medici, died in 1737, leaving no descendants behind. His sister Ana Maria Luisa de ‘Medici, the last member of the family, died in 1743. She left the country Tuscany umetničkig huge collection of works and other goods, provided that forever stay in Florence. By agreement of the leading European powers, the government succeeded in Tuscany, Francis of Lorraine, husband of Maria Theresa, who will in 1745 become Francis I, Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire.