History of I Ching

Diagrams that make up the hexagram allegedly created the Fu Hsi, nearly five thousand years. It is not known when it was first compiled in hexagram, but all Chinese sources agree that today’s order of the hexagram, as well as their names established by King Wen.
About three thousand years in China’s Shang dynasty. At that time she was in a state of complete moral disintegration.
The reigning king Zhou Hsin was a tyrant. One of his brothers, he wrote: “Family Jin (Shang) has no more power over the people. Great works of our ancestors founded the dynasty, but this is the legacy we lost our atrocities. And the rich and the poor have paid theft, bribery and betrayal. Officials and the military to compete against each other in contempt of the law. Robbers walk freely and we can never be sure that they will be accountable for their crimes. The humble people complain and makes unreasonable work. Our dynasty collapses: she is in a situation of a man who was crossing a wide river, lost his footing, and it is far from the coast. ”
For the poor state of the nation is largely the responsibility of the tyranny of the reigning king. When Venn younger son finally rebelled against Zhou Hsin, accused the king in the following Ceremonial publish all provinces, “Zhou Hsin, the king of the Shang dynasty, despises virtue and gives the laxity and failure to comply with the law. He broke from the sky and created animosity between himself and the nation. Mutilating the innocent out of pure whim. He ordered me to live a righteous heart is removed from the breast. He used his power only for the killing and torture … ”
The accusations were correct: two cases were recorded in the annals. During the winter, Zhou Hsin saw a group of villagers to cross the river and ordered them to be cut to the leg tibia so that he could see “the bone marrow, which also tolerates the cold.” “Righteous” in publication was the king’s cousin, named Bi Gan, who had dared to scold him for the crimes he committed. Zhou Hsin is given to Bi Gan mercury removed the heart from the chest so that he could “to closely observe the heart of the wise.”
While Zhou Hsin so let yourself run wild, western part of his kingdom prospered under the Duke of Zhou. Zhou’s family for generations enjoyed the admiration and respect for his ability and virtue. The reigning Duke, later known as King Wen, has become, willy-nilly, a kind of viceroy. The governors of neighboring provinces, observing the progress of his Duchy, we had been consulted regarding administrative problems. Duke has gained respect and in peace and in war. He apparently performed with extreme self-control and wisdom. Feudal lords and the people began to urge him to rebel against the Zhou hsin and Chinese take the throne; but the Ven continually refused, saying that his family swore allegiance to the Shang dynasty, and that he will keep this oath, such as holding all the others.
Inevitably it came about that Joe Hsin order to arrest him. Despite protests from his people Duchy and neighboring ruler, Duke surrendered into the hands of the soldiers and was thrown into the royal prison. Not knowing whether they will be tortured and executed or will eventually be released, calmly during his detention time writer comments on the I Ching hexagram.
Zhou Hsin hesitated to execute Vena; he knew that such an act could lead to a final rebellion in his kingdom. On the other hand, let so popular that the Duke would be walking free political risk. Finally the tyrant summoned Venovog eldest son and heir named Dan and told him: “Your father keeps his oath of allegiance to my family. If you, too, that nasleđuješ his title, the souls of their ancestors swear that you will never rebel against me, I will free you. ” Den sworn, and liberate Zhou HSIN Vienna, certain that these two silly royalty of Zhou held word and therefore the position of his safe.
He did not count on self-denial Džouovih. Soon after the release of Ven, perhaps because they were in prison with him, badly treated, died, and Den has instead to assume the ducal throne, abdicated in favor of his younger brother Wu, who did not personally sworn allegiance Zhou Hsin. Vu is carefully prepared, in consultation comments I Ching hexagram which he had made his late father, and listening to the advice of his older brother.
Analysis Venn comments lead us to conclude that the Duke predicted that the situation in the kingdom could become so unbearable that one of his successors could possibly be forced to raise arms against the Shang Dynasty. He wanted to avoid premature or unnecessary taking such a serious endeavor. His comments often warn querent on initiatives that do not fall at the right time, too much optimism, enthusiasm unbalanced, dishonor or laxity.

Devoid Duchy own volition, Den decided to extend the authority of his father’s work, and the hexagram is analyzed line by line. Reading his notes, we have to admit that it was a worthy son of his father. (History of China speaks of him as a patriot, hero, legislator and philosopher).
His advice is confirmation and reinforcement Venn wisdom, economical, psychological equilibrium, honesty, character, firmness.
As might be expected in such circumstances, Vu’s rebellion against Zhou Hsin was successful: Zhou dynasty gained power in the form of Wu, a Den, which is not actively participated in the revolution, became the Duke of Zhou under his younger brother.
As also might be expected, Zhou Dynasty brought China’s great prosperity, so much that the late Ven of historians posthumously received the title of king. Interpretation of the hexagram became popular and Ching was adopted as a consultative manual for civil and military administrators. His fame, together with the comments (although not yet established) has grown for centuries. Scholars and philosophers have discussed it and thought about his prophecies. One can not deny that it is honest, almost naively honest work.
In our version, we need translation from Legeovog comments which after Vienna and Dena wrote numerous scholars and philosophers; it seemed to us more attractive to retain its original concept. In the notes below the hexagram, below the lines to which they relate, have been translated into certain later texts that it seemed to make clear what the two Zhou intended to say.

For Telemachus, of course, the most important comments Aleister Crowley. All my life Alister Crowley each morning Ching first consulted to get a weather forecast for the day.
The reader can I get to the forecasts in one of two basic ways. The first, more simple, is the fact that to obtain a hexagram in response to a question. Can be used coin: heads would, for instance, meant a full line, yang; letter to, e.g., a broken line means, or yin. Tossing a coin six times in a row, we get the hexagram is drawn from the bottom up; that is to say that the first line on the bottom and at the top of the sixth.
Other methods may be more complicated to answer to what we ask. He requires three coins. The head, for example, it is worth 3, a letter 2. For each line, we need to throw three coins at a time. If the sum total is six (three letters), receives a line called the “Big Yin”. “Great Jin” is a moving line and tends to take the “Little Young”. However, the yang is static, that is to say, does not change. If the summation was nine (three heads), got to the line called “The Great Jang”, which is marked as follows:. “The Great Jang” tends to become jin. However, this jin static. If the sum of seven was (say, two letters and one head) line was obtained by an ordinary yang that does not change. If the sum of bio-eight (say, two heads and one letter) line would be plain jin, who also does not change.

If the outcome which gives the latter hexagram convenient for you to see reviews of Duke Zhou line for two variables – the first and sixth – in the first hexagram; it would be wise to also read the comments and the corresponding lines in the second hexagram. These comments would suggest to you how to behave to get the aforementioned favorable result. If the outcome described in the second hexagram unfavorable after you read the comments of Duke for two mobile lines, but in this case to learn how to behave in order to avoid or minimize the disadvantage that outcome.
In this way, the process of divination becomes a kind of conversation with the great Chinese sage experience, extraordinary patience and deep understanding. It looks as if you are talking through the hexagram with such a person. One should not think that the line “instructions” or “prophecies”! Ching did not return charlatan. The purpose of the book is to increase the stock of knowledge through our relationship with other thinkers who lived many centuries ago, and who have suffered, winning, losing, winning again, loved, hated, hitting and missin ‘. The only difference between them and us is that maybe they were generous, braver and wiser. But they were not infallible. Infallibility is the ultimate goal to which humanity aspires, but which, hopefully, will never attain. Because if we become infallible, we would probably die of boredom. “Universe government is a clear case; because, and only because life is good. “