Mart: Martius (Latin), named after Mars, the Roman god of war.
People’s names for March: None (Bres, brezanj), dry, dryers, small chips, vintage, Fuel conversion, shark, Annunciation.
The largest Roman god of Jupiter, was Mars, the god of war. According to tradition, as the father of Romulus, the legendary founder of Rome, Mars was the father and the entire Roman people. In the old Roman calendar, the first month of the year was dedicated to the Lord. First then began March 01 and ended after ten months of the last day of December and lasted 304 days. How this was to make the length of the legendary Roman king Numa Pompilius, who inherited the throne of Romulus, put it in the calendar for two months: January and February and has since March for the third month in a year.
Mart from ancient times, has 31 days.
With Martha and the year began in Britain until 1752 when it accepted the Gregorian calendar.
March is the month when spring begins. This is the day when the sun move from the south to the northern hemisphere of the Earth ball, a night and day are equally long. Usually this happens on March 21 (sometimes 20 when it comes to prestupoj year).
Welsh turns 1 March as the day of Saint David, the patron saint of Wales. A Irish on March 17th, celebrate the day of St. Patrick, the patron saint of Ireland. Jews in March have their Purim, but it does not always fall into this month. But the most famous feast tied to the month of March is International Women’s Day for sure.
Perhaps the most famous sentence which is mentioned in March, is the one that the old prophet uzvikuno Caesar 44 BC:
– Take care of yourself, Caesar, March ida.
Idam the Romans marked the middle of the month.
Baba Marta by our tradition is moody, feisty and a little crazy grandmother who managed the month of March. That is why I March variable. Beautiful and pleasant days knows quite unexpectedly to replace given snowfalls and low temperatures. And then, again, the sun was up.
About the early Roman calendar (the one before Gaius Julius Caesar), many of our knowledge come from the records left by Publius Ovid Nazon (43 pne- 18), Roman poet and Plutarch (46 – 120 AD), Greek writer of biographies of famous Greeks and Romans .
However, their writings on the old Roman calendar was not consistent in many details. Sam Ovid says that your data ‘mined from the archaic calendar “, which means that more then two thousand years ago, it was very old data. Very little is known about the details of the Roman calendar from the time before Romulus and Remus, the legendary founders of Rome. Just know that their calendar had 10 months, not 12, and that some months have only 20 days, but some are 32 or more, and that the year had 360 days .
The year began in March, from the vernal equinox, so the month of March (Martius) was actually the first month of the year. Behind him followed Aprilis, Mais and Junius. After the four month follow are Quintilis, Sextilis, September, October, November iDecember as the fifth, sixth and so on. to the tenth of the month, according to the Latin numbered from five to ten. To date, the names of these other names for September, October, November and December but were, for subsequent insertion of two new month between December and Martius – Februarius and Januarius (in that order), changed number. This produced that September is the ninth month of the year, not seven as before. All together they have 304 days or after that period of 10 months, he came a period of 61 days nenumerisanih and unnamed days.
Months in the old Roman calendar were:
1. Martius 6. Sextilis
2. Aprilis 7 September
3. Maius 8 October
4. Junius 9 November
5. Quintilis 10 December
Only later did the Roman king Numa Pompilius , during its 42 years of rule, introduced by the reform of the calendar year which increased to 364 or 365 days. This is achieved by adding two months – January and February.
Then the first month of the year March or Martius was dedicated to the Roman god rataMarsu . Since Rome was a rich country with a warrior tradition, it is no wonder that the first month of the year dedicated to the god of war.
Even at the time of Ovid, two thousand years ago, but to this day remained controversial as the months Aprilis, Maius and Junius get names. According to him, April was dedicated to the goddess of fertility and love, Venus and her holidays Festum Veneris iFortuna virilis, which both fell in the first day of this month . Some believe daAprilis comes from Aphrilis, and that it is corrupted form of the name of Aphrodite, the Greek counterpart of the Roman goddess Venus.
The great German writer Jakob Grimm, by contrast, held that the name of April comes from the name of a god or perhaps a hero named Aper or Aprusa .
The month of May, Maius is named after the goddess Maia-i , which has been devoted to the particular month, and Junius is called by the main Roman goddess Juno, which is equivalent Roman goddess Friggi . Ovid in turn suggests that months that we now call May and June indicated no celestial deity, but rather the ancestors and young people . There are even of the opinion that the original second, third and fourth month called by various pheasants growth of crops and livestock.
In Ovid still discrepancies between the order and the time when they add months Januarius, Februarius and Mercedinus that the original number of ten months.
When the month of Januarius became part of the calendar, it remains an open question. This may happen before or shortly after the founding of Rome 753.p.n.e., as Plutarch informs us that Numa Pompilius, the Roman king who succeeded Romulus, taken in January for the first month of the year. This fact was disputed by another author claiming that it actually did Lucius Tarquinius Priscus (reigned 616 – 578.p.n.e.), fifth Etruscan king of Rome, who was introduced as the first Januarius, a back Decembris as the last month of the year 
January is named after Janus the god of heaven , who was an old deity even in the time of the founding of Rome. (Ovid cites his words: “The old people called me a mess, so I will be old”.) The ancient Romans believed that the beginning of each day, the month and the year dedicated to the god Janus. They felt that it opens the door to heaven every dawn that would miss the morning and closes them at dusk. That’s why he felt for God and doors, gates and entrances.
At the time it was adopted, Februarius had only 23 days and according to tradition, the 23rd day is represented by the old calendar year . This perhaps could mean that Februarius was celebrated even in pre roman period, when the month was less than 20 days. Also, they added five days to the end of the year (to prolong February to 28 days) and do similar to many other nations in this era, the era of the founding of Rome, who also added five days to their calendars, but they were not considered to be part of year .
Februarius is named after the narrow straps goatskin, called februa ( “cleaner”) and from the Latin verb for their use February, which marked the purification, expiation. During the 15 th day of the month, the Romans celebrated the feast of Lupercalia. During his lifetime, priests lashed FEBRUA infertile women, believing that this will restore fertility.
“Month cleansing” might get a name and because they were during his lifetime all the difference between the length of the calendar year, and natural, izmirivale. This view is strongly supported by the fact that during the many revisions whoever he is and wherever it makes some adjustments to the length of the Roman calendar, it’s still working after 23 days Februarius, traditionally the last day of the year. Even in our time a leap year determined their 29-day month of February. For purists “leap day” is 29 on 24 februar! In 450 BC February is the month of January has been moved beyond where it is today. 
Plutarch wrote that Numa Pompilius inserted intercalary (leap) month after February which had 22 days and called it Mercedinus. Others argue that this could be a 452.n.e. when the Roman calendar was added to month called Intercalaris. This month also began after the 23rd day of February and appeared every second year. It lasted for 22 or 23 days plus the five days of February that were added afterwards.
This clumsy calendar of whom still do not know exactly how it was applied, it was in use until Julius Caesar who reformed the calendar with the help of the Egyptian astronomer and mathematician Sosigenes of Alexandria in Alexandria, which came into use 45 BCE